Ferdinand Magellan is said to have been the first sailor to circumnavigate the earth, where he left Spain on September 20, 1519. He was not discouraged when he discovered that Columbus had indeed found no western way east and set out in 1519 to prove that it could be done. Although Magellan made this trip with Spanish support and set sail in 1519. The five ships in the party housed 260 men who had no idea where they were going, as Magellan believed they were too scared to keep going. A massive storm along the coast of South America forced the ships to seek cover, and so Magellan accidentally discovered an inlet. The Strait of Magellan, as it is known today, offers a route through the South American continent to the Pacific on the other side.
After a ship left the journey, Magellan and its four other ships suffered under extreme conditions on the Pacific, and only 18 of the 260 men returned to Spain three years later. The journey crossed the Philippines, where Magellan himself was killed in combat and further east, where the ships were loaded with spices. The Victoria continued westward and returned to Spain, while all other ships were lost at sea. The western Magellan route, which Magellan and his crew had discovered, was not used for years, thanks to the treacherous experience she had for the many men on board. Instead of discovering a new spice route, Magellan is tasked to lead the world’s first circumnavigation, an impressive mileage achievement.
Colonial legacy, indigenous heritage
The Philippines’ first encounter with the Philippines took place when the Spaniard Ferdinand Magellan arrived in 1521 and initiated more than 300 years of Spanish colonization. A tremendous amount of the current Filipino population is a fraction of the Spaniards, though a negligible number of inhabitants are completely Spanish. The United States took over colonization in 1899 until the Japanese invasion of the strategic islands during World War II. After the Japanese defeat in 1946, the Philippines got their independence. The American cultural and military influence still permeates the island culture, although the last US military base was finally closed. The original human settlement in the region began about 30,000 years ago when people crossed existing land bridges from Asia. Malaysian and Indonesian settlers joined the fight a few thousand years later to form an interesting mix of half-native cultures still found in the Philippines today. Direct offspring of the first arrivals currently live in the northern province of Zambales.
Modern ocean explorer
The exploration of the ocean has never stopped since the great explorers of the 15th and 16th centuries, but has simply evolved to become more in-depth, competitive and adventurous. By the beginning of the twentieth century, most of the Earth’s waters had been explored, and ocean travel was more about keeping records than discovering new places. It was the year 1895, when the American Joshua Slocum made the first man to sail alone around the world. He kept upright during the three-year journey, damming the supplies of islands along the way, and his safe return home in 1898 consolidated his place in the history books.
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